Icebreaking Services

     FSUE "Rosmorport" provides icebreaking assistance services to vessels in 15 freezing seaports of the Russian Federation and their approaches, and also services on icebreaking assistance to vessels in ice fields and other sea waters of the World ocean. 

     Icebreaking service in the water areas and the approaches to the freesing seaports are provide by the following branches of FSUE "Rosmorport":
     - Azov Basin Branch (seaports of Azov, Rostov-on-Don, Taganrog);

     - Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch (seaport of Eysk);
     - Arkhangelsk Branch (seaports of Arkhangelsk and Kandalaksha);
     - Astrakhan Branch (seaports of Astrakhan and Olya);
     - Magadan Branch (seaport of Magadan);
     - Murmansk Branch (seaport of Murmansk);
     - North-Western Basin Branch (seaports of Big Port of Saint-Petersburg, Vyborg, Vysotsk, Passenger Port of Saint-Petersburg, Primorsk, and Ust-Luga);

     - Vanino Branch (seaport of Vanino).

     The works connected to provision of icebreaking assistance to vessels in ice fields and other sea waters of the World ocean can be conducted by the following icebreakers of FSUE "Rosmorport":
     - Arkhangelsk Branch;
     - Murmansk Branch;
     - North-Western Basin Branch

     FSUE "Rosmorport" renders icebreaking services in strict compliance with the requirements of:
     - Merchant Shipping Code of the Russian Federation;
     - Rules of icebreaking assistance to vessels set by Common Rules for Navigation and Mooring of Vessels in the Seaports of the Russian Federation approved by the Ministry of Transport of Russia order dated 26.10.2017 № 463;
     - Compulsory resolutions in the corresponding seaports, and also resolutions of seaport masters and basin committees of ice operations headquarters, as far as control over the rules of icebreaking assistance to vessels in the corresponding seaports. 

     In order to conduct ice escorts of vessels FSUE “Rosmorport” uses 36 icebreakers and ice-breaking tugs, including

     - 16 linear icebreakers;

     - seven linear shallow draft icebreakers;

     - 13 auxiliary and port icebreakers and ice-breaking tugs. 

     All icebreakers of the enterprise have valid classification certificates of the Russian Sea Shipping Register and Russian River Register. The Kapitan Dranitsyn, the Moskva, the Saint-Petersburg, the Dikson, and the Kapitan Kosolapov icebreakers also have ISM certificates, which enable them to operate international lines.

     The combination of technical opportunities, highly qualified crews and technical experts, who operate and maintain icebreakers, and are able to solve tasks of any difficulty in that field, guarantees high quality of services rendered by FSUE "Rosmorport", which has been proved many times by the results of the works done. 

     List of the most significant events in the field of icebreaking assistance provision by FSUE "Rosmorport" 

     Participation of the Kapitan Chechkin icebreaker (Astrakhan Branch) in geophysical exploration of the northern corner of the Caspian Sea.

     Participation of the chartered icebreaker Magadan in the rescue operation on supply of fuel to the Koryaksky Autonomous District. 

     Participation of the Kapitan Chadayev icebreaker (Arkhangelsk Branch) in the rescue operation to escort mixed vessels from the Pechora Sea.

     Towage of the AMT Explorer barge, the Amazon self-propelled drilling station in the western corner of the Artctic, and also towage of the energy block of the Kislogubskaya flood electrical power station on the route Severodvinsk - Motovsky Bay by the Dikson icebreaker (Arkhangelsk Branch).

     Participation of the Kapitan Dranitsyn icebreaker (Murmansk Branch) in the Nabos International Arctic Expedition.

     The Kapitan Dranitsyn icebreaker provides icebreaking assistance during import of supplies to the Argentinian antarctic polar station General Belgrano II.

     Preparation of ice canals in the lower course of the Enysey River, and also participation of the Kapitan Dranitsyn icebreaker (Murmansk Branch) in the expedition educational voyages among the Russian geographical society expedition team. 

     Participation of the chartered icebreaker Magadan (Magadan Branch) in the rescue operation to lrescue the fishing boats out of the ice jam in Sakhalin Bay of the Okhotsk Sea. 
     Towage by the Dikson icebreaker (Arkhangelsk Branch) of  the SMITHBARGE 2 barge and the Amazon self-propelled sailing drill station along the two routes: Yamburg-Kharasavey and Murmansk-Yugorsky-Shar-Kharasavey-Varnek-Murmansk.
     Participation of the Dikson icebreaker (Arkhangelsk Branch) in the operation to rescue the Kapitan Kravtsov ship and provide its towage to Arkhangelsk Seaport.
     Provision of icebreaking assistance in the inner water ways of the Russian Federation with the use of the Kapitan Zarubin icebreaker (North-Western Basin Branch) and Kapitan Chechkin icebreaker (Astrakhan Branch).

     Participation of the Dikson icebreaker and the Kapitan Dranitsyn icebreaker (Murmansk Branch) in the geophysic research in the north-west corner of the Arctic region. 
     Participation of the Kapitan Kosolapov icebreaker (Arkhangelsk Branch) in the geophysic research in the west corner of the Arctic region.

     Participation of Kapitan Dranitsyn icebreaker as an expedition vessel in hydrometeorological and ice research in the Kara Sea.
     Icebreaking pilotage of Vasiliy Golovnin motorboat carrying cargo to General Belgrano II Argentitnian polar station by the Kapitan Dranitsyn icebreaker (Murmansk Branch).

     Icebreaking services for vessels calling at Sabetta Seaport which is under construction in the framework of Yamal LNG project.
     Icebreaking pilotage for vessels carrying cargo and passengers to Alexandra Land of Franz Josef Land by the Kapitan Dranitsyn icebreaker (Murmansk Branch).  



     Escort of HHL ELBE tanker going through ice, from the Kara Strait to Dudinka Seaport by the Dikson icebreaker (Arkhangelsk Branch).

     Towage and escort of marine vessels to the western sector of Laptev Sea (from Dudinka seaport to Khatanga Strait) by the Dikson icebreaker (Arkhangelsk Branch).

     Support of the research group of the State Research Center Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute during execution of marine hydrometeorological and ice resarch, and of experiments to elaborate a plan for protection of a drilling vessel from icebergs in the Kara Sea by the Kapitan Dranitsyn icebreaker (Murmansk Branch).



     Icebreaking assistance rendered by the Moscow, the Tor and the Vladivostok icebreakers in the water area of the seaport of Sabetta within the project for building a liquefied natural gas plant.

     Escorts of two vessels carrying cargoes to build a coastal infrastructure of the floating nuclear power unit in the seaport of Pevek conducted by the Kapitan Dranitsyn and the Admiral Makarov icebreakers.

     The Novorossiysk icebreaker supported convoys of vessels carrying cargoes and passengers of Frantz Josef Land Archipelago’s Alexandra Land Island and the work of an expedition group of the Federal State Budgetary Institution “The State Scientific Center ‘The Arctic and Antarctic Research Institutes” when carrying out marine hydrometeorological and ice researches, conducting experiments to develop a plan on the protection of a drilling ship from icebergs in the Kara Sea.


     Kapitan Dranitsyn icebreaker rendering services for icebreaker support in the water area of the Northern Sea Route in the section from the convoy meeting point in the area of Cape Zhelaniya/Kara Strait to the water area of the seaport of Sabetta.

     Admiral Makarov icebreaker rendering services for renovating and laying ice canals on the Yenisei River, as well as providing icebreaker support and towing of cargo vessels headed to the seaport of Dudinka and back.

Kapitan Dranitsyn icebreaker rendering  services for icebreaker support of the Varandey fixed offshore ice-resistant off-loading terminal in Pechora Sea.

     Vladivostok icebreaker and Novorossyisk icebreaker rendering services for keeping round-the-clock watch to manage ice operations during the well construction from the drill unit on the continental shelf in the water area of Kara Strait.


     The Moskva icebreaker renders services for towing and mooring operations and pilotages of vessels in the water area of the seaport of Sabetta.

     The Krasin icebreaker renders services for pilotage of vessels in the Kara Sea.

     The Captain Khlebnikov icebreaker provides support for tankers in the seaport of Prigorodnoye and makes a series of voyages on the route between the seaport of Anadyr and Wrangel Island.

     The Novorossiysk icebreaker provides support for tankers to and from the oil export terminal in the seaport of De Kastri and also renders services to provide support for the Silver Explorer cruise vessel in the water area of the Northern Sea Route to Uyedineniye Island in the Kara Sea from Kolyuchin Island in the Sea of Chukotsk.

     FSUE "Rosmorport" began its icebreaking assistance practice in the approaches and the water areas of the freezing seaports of the Russian Federation in February 2004, when the Saint-Petersburg Branch of the enterprise, which was founded in the previous year, began to provide icebreaking services in the Big Port of Saint-Petersburg Seaport with the help of the 12 diesel-electrical icebreakers secured to FSUE "Rosmorport". By the end of 2004 icebreaking services were rendered by 7 branches of the enterprise. 
     At present FSUE "Rosmorport" operates 36 icebreakers and ice-breaking tugs, which have been secured to the enterprise, bought at the expense of the enterprise, and constructed at the expense of budget investments or the enterprise since 2004.


     It is important to note that FSUE “Rosmorport” attaches much importance to the development of the icebreaker fleet.

     The following vessels were built at domestic shipyards under control of and in favor of the enterprise:

     - two modern icebreakers, the Moskva and the Saint-Petersburg of Project 21900 with the capacity of 16.5 MW each, were built in 2005-2009.

     - three modern icebreakers – the Vladivostok, the Murmansk and the Novorossiysk of Project 21900M with the capacity of 18 MW each were built in 2012-2015.

     Those icebreakers have reinforced the enterprise’s icebreakers group in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland.

     At present, FSUE “Rosmorport” as a building contractor takes part in implementing a Russian investment project on the construction of a diesel electric icebreaker of Project 22600 with the capacity of 25 MW.

     Information on the number of vessels to which FSUE "Rosmorport" provided icebreaking assistance in the seaports of the Russian Federation

 Winter navigation

 Number of vessels provided with icebreaking assistance

2012 – 2013


2013 – 2014


2014 – 2015


2015 – 2016 3,380
 2016 – 2017 6,322
 2017 – 2018  5,945
2018 – 2019 6,572

     Additional information on the terms and conditions of icebreaking services provided by the branches of the enterprise can be found in the corresponding sections of the website.