Icebreaking Services

1. General information

2. Information on the icebreaking assistance area

3. Icebreaking assistance terms and conditions

4. Statistics

5. Contacts

 

     1. General information 

    The FSUE “Rosmorport” Vanino branch renders icebreaking services for vessels as a part of a caravan and individual icebreaker assistance for vessels making calls to the seaport of Vanino.

     The icebreaker assistance is carried out using the Novorossiysk icebreaker of the North-Western Basin branch, as well as the Moskva and the Kapitan Khlebnikov icebreakers of the Far Eastern Basin branch.

     Characteristics of all Vanino Branch ice breakers comply with the conditions in the northern part of the Japanese Sea during winter navigation. 

 

Characteristics

Vessel name

Moskva

Novorossiysk

Kapitan Khlebnikov

Class of the Russian Maritime Regisrty of Shipping

KM(*) Icebreaker6[2]
AUT1 FF1 EPP

KM(*) Icebreaker[6] AUT1-ICS FF2 EPP ECO HELIDECK
Special purpose ship

KM(*) LL3[2] AUT2
passenger ship

Length, m

107.76

119.79

129.1

Width, m

27.5

27.5

26.74

Depth, m

12.4

12.4

12.3

Draught, m

8.5

8.5

8.5

Tonnage, tons

9,491

11,720

12,288

Power, kWt

21,000

27,840

24,600

 

     2. Information on the icebreaking assistance area

     The seaport of Vanino winter navigation is usually opened on January, 1 and closed on March, 31. Depending on weather conditions the captain of the Vanino seaport can change the date of opening of winter navigation and its duration. The winter navigation opening/closure is announced in the coastal messages. The average duration of winter navigation is 90 days.
     Ice breaking assistance is provided by the Vanino Branch to vessels calling at the Vanino seaport, within its water area, or within the Vanino VTS coverage area. Ice breaking assistance is performed from the actual ice edge to the Vanino seaport berths.
     In order to provide navigation safety during winter navigation, when the easterly winds get stronger, to vessels heading for the Vanino seaport, it is recommended to lie to drift to the east from the 140º30’E meridian, and wait for the wind direction to change to westerly or north-westerly, to prevent the vessel getting into an “ice river” – a natural phenomenon appearing between the Datta Cape and the Krasny Partisan Cape due to the drifting ice of up to 10-ball density. 




     3. Icebreaking assistance terms and conditions 

 

Procedure for the provision of icebreaking services in the seaport of Vanino as part of a caravan

 

    Icebreaker support for vessels in the seaport of Vanino is provided by the Vanino Branch pursuant to the requirements of:

     – the General Rules of Navigation and Vessel Mooring in the Seaports of the Russian Federation and on the Approaches Toward Them. The Rules were approved under Order of the Ministry of Transport of Russia No 463 of 26.10.2017;

     – the Compulsory Regulations in the Seaport of Vanino. The Regulations were approved under Order of the Ministry of Transport of Russia No 431 of 13.12.2012 in terms of organizing ice navigation of vessels in the seaport of Vanino;

     – the recommendations of the Basin Commission of FSBI “Administration of Seaports of Sea of Okhotsk and Tatar Strait” (hereinafter - Basin Commission) for organization of icebreaker escorts of vessels in the seaports of Vanino, Sovetskaya Gavan, De Kastri and on the approaches toward them;

     – the resolutions taken by the captain of the seaport of Vanino in terms of organizing ice navigation of vessels in the seaport of Vanino.

     During the 2020-2021 winter navigation, the captain of the seaport of Vanino issued:

     – Instruction No. 374/A “On Declaring Period of Icebreaker Support in Seaport of Vanino” dated 24.12.2020.

     – order of 18.03.2021 No. 66/A "On the end of the period of icebreaker assistance in the seaport of Vanino and on the approaches to it".

 

     Pilotage of vessels heading for /from the seaport of Vaninon is performed by icebreakers of the Vanino Branch when a vessel moves as part of an ice convoy from/to the convoy meeting point (hereinafter referred to as the CMP) to/from the place of anchoring of vessels or to the berth. Information on a vessel's approach toward the CMP is given 72 hours before and confirmed 24 hours before the expected arrival at the CMP by sending it to the captain of the seaport of Vanino on www.portcall.marinet.ru.

     The time and the order of vessels' movement through the ice, as well as the number of vessels piloted simultaneously are determined by the captain of the seaport of Vanino and transmitted to vessels at 11:00 a.m., 4:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m. (local time).

     Depending on the forecast ice situation in the water area of the seaport of Vanino the captain of the seaport of Vanino imposes restrictions on the regime of ice navigation and determines the CMP location. Notifications of the restrictions on ice navigation and the CMP location are placed on the Internet website www.ampvanino.ru 14 days before the supposed date of imposing restrictions on ice navigation and the CMP location.

     At the time of conducting pilotage, when there is eastern wind and sailing ice, vessels should wait for mooring easterly of the longitude 140o300,00'E or in the Bay of Vanino and the Gulf of Sovetskaya Gavan.

     In case there is ice in the water area of the seaport of Vanino, vessels' anchoring and drifting are banned between the lines connecting Cape Toki, Cape Burnyi, Cape Veselyi and the longitude 140o300,00'E with the wind direction of 0-180 degrees.

     With the wind direction of 0-180 degrees and fast in ice on the line of Cape Datta – Cape Burnyi – Cape Krasnyi Partisan vessels' mooring to Berth No 5 in the seaport of Vanino is not allowed.

     The restrictions on ice navigation under the Compulsory Regulations in the Seaport of Vanino are not imposed upon vessels aged not older than 15 years with the gross capacity of over 30000 and corresponding to the respective requirements set by the rules of the Russian Maritime Registry of Shipping in part of possible free ice navigation and ice navigation supported by an icebreaker. In this case the restrictions on ice navigation imposed by the rules of the Russian Maritime register of Shipping are applied to such vessels.

 

     The convoy is formed by the captain of the seaport of Vanino based upon:

     – the time of a vessel's approach toward to the CMP;

     – the time of receipt of a request to call at the seaport or to leave the seaport;

     – the sequence of vessels' traffic in accordance with the General Rules for the Navigation and Mooring of Vessels in the Seaports of the Russian Federation and on the Approaches Toward Them. The Rules were approved by Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation No 463 of 26.10.2017;

     – the restrictions on ice navigation for vessels.

 

     By approaching the CMP a vessel establishes radio contact with an icebreaker on VHF Channel 16 (an icebreaker's call signal within the CMP) and operates on the grounds of its instructions. If necessary, VTS Vanino helps to establish radio communication between the vessel and the icebreaker.

     With due regard to the real ice situation in the water area of the seaport of Vanino and on the approaches toward it vessels with ice class higher than the one specified by the restrictions on ice navigation can move to / leave the seaport of Vanino independently along the route based on the recommendations of VTS Vanino.

     Vessels moving independently should inform VTS Vanino about the passage of designated control points of the recommended route and inform the operator of VTS Vanino about the ice situation on the way of a vessel's movement.

     Reserves of fuel, food and water on a vessel should provide a vessel's endurance of no less than 10 days from the date of the vessel's approach toward the CMP to allow the vessel to call at the seaport of Vanino. When a vessel stays in the area of icebreaker support for more than 10 days as from a vessel's approach toward the CMP the captain of the seaport of Vanino takes immediate measures to ensure pilotage of the vessel to the seaport.


     The Vanino Branch charges ice breaking dues for providing ice breaking services. Information on ice breaking dues rates and terms and conditions of its charging is available in the section “Harbor Dues and Tariffs of the Vanino Branch”.

Procedure for provision of individual icebreaker assistance for vessels following to the seaport of Vanino


     During the winter navigation period, the Vanino branch provides additional services for individual icebreaker assistance for vessels making calls to the Vanino seaport and on approaches to it, including cases if it is impossible for the vessel to independently follow to the point of formation of an ice caravan or as part of a caravan.
Vanino branch provides additional icebreaking services in accordance with the terms of the contractual order and the Regulations on individual icebreaking assistance by icebreakers of the FSUE “Rosmorport” in the seaport of Vanino and on approaches to it in the Tatar Strait, approved by Order of the FSUE “Rosmorport” Vanino branch No. 352 dated 28.12.2020, upon receipt of a written permission from the captain of the seaport of Vanino.

     In accordance with the terms of the contractual order and the regulations on individual icebreaking assistance, the customer have to obtain written permission from the captain of the seaport of Vanino in order to receive the individual icebreaker assistance for his vessel.
      In order to obtain the written permission for the individual icebreaker assistance for his vessel from the captain of the seaport of Vanino, the customer have to send an application to the captain of the seaport of Vanino by fax: + 7 (42137) 7-67-75 or by e-mail: ampvanino@ampvanino.ru
      In order to conclude the contract, the customer sends a signed and sealed contractual order to the Vanino branch in a scanned form after obtaining the written permission of the captain of the seaport of Vanino at the following e-mail: mail@van.rosmorport.ru a day before the planned individual icebreaker assistance. The application will be considered within 24 hours, and in accordance with the results of the review by the Vanino branch and according to the contact data specified in the contractual order, the customer will be sent a confirmation of the possibility of providing the declared services and the contractual order signed by the Vanino branch or a reasoned refusal due to technical limitations.
     The customer sends the signed contractual order to the dispatcher of the Vanino branch at do@van.rosmorport.ru after obtaining the written permission from the captain of the seaport of Vanino on the request submitted and receipt of confirmation from the Vanino branch of the possibility of providing the declared services and the signed contractual order. Within two hours the dispatcher informs the customer of the date and time when the icebreaker reaches the vessel location.

     The start of individual icebreaker assistance is considered to be the moment when the icebreaker reaches the location of the vessel to be assisted. The end of individual icebreaker assistance is considered to be the moment when the icebreaker completes the icebreaker assistance of the vessel according to the joint decision of the icebreaker captain and the captain of the vessel to be assisted. The time of starting and ending of individual icebreaker assistance, the time of suspension and continuation of icebreaker assistance, as well as all issues related to it, is recorded in the watch logs of the icebreaker and the vessel to be assisted. The time of providing services for individual icebreaker assistance includes the time of transition of the icebreaker from its location to the vessel to be assisted; the time of preparation of the vessel for individual icebreaker assistance (vessel scabbing, forging, tugboats, if necessary, etc.); the time when the vessel is directly assisted by the icebreaker to the place indicated in the application; time of the icebreaker travelling to the place established by the Basin Commission.
     The decision on the method (behind the icebreaker's hull, in tow, behind the icebreaker in the caravan of another icebreaker, etc.) and the route of individual icebreaker assistance is made by the captain of the icebreaker who took the vessel for individual icebreaker assistance.
      Individual icebreaker assistance can be suspended (temporarily terminated) and then resumed:
     - to assist vessels conforming to the restrictions imposed by the captain of the seaport of Vanino stuck on the route due to deteriorating ice conditions;
     - to rescue people when declaring a rescue operation by the captain of the seaport of Vanino;
     - if further icebreaker operation is not effective due to ice conditions and meteorological conditions, there is no movement of the vessel along the route of icebreaker assistance and it is necessary to wait for favorable weather or another more powerful icebreaker in order to continue providing individual icebreaker assistance.
     The captain of the icebreaker may suspend (complete) the individual icebreaker assistance at the request of the captain of the vessel under assistance, with an appropriate entry in the watch log of the vessel. The stopping and abandonment of the vessel at a given location on the route of icebreaker assistance is carried out upon condition that this does not endanger the safety of the vessel, its cargo, and crew.
     If, at the request of the captain of the vessel under assistance, it is necessary to locate the icebreaker in the place of the vessel anchorage, then these actions of the icebreaker is regarded as performing individual icebreaker assistance. If the vessel under assistance has stopped to eliminate technical problems, the icebreaker may be withdrawn and, once the fault has been resolved, the individual icebreaker assistance will be resumed.
     In accordance with the received information from the captain of the icebreaker on the actual time of individual icebreaker assistance, the dispatching department of the Vanino branch within one working day from the date of completion of individual icebreaker assistance issues a work completion certificate regarding individual icebreaker assistance, which is signed by the customer no later than 2 (two) calendar days from the date of its receipt. Under the signed work completion certificate, the Vanino branch shall issue the invoice and the commercial invoice to the customer, which should be paid within 7 calendar days from the invoice date.
      If the captain of the vessel fails to provide the necessary information with confirmation of the time details of the icebreaking assistance within 12 hours from the end of the individual icebreaking assistance, the information of the captain of the icebreaker will serve as the confirmation of the individual icebreaking assistance completion. The work completion certificate for the individual icebreaker assistance will be drawn up under the information of the icebreaker captain, and must be signed by the customer no later than 2 (two) calendar days from the date of its receipt. Under the signed work completion certificate, the Vanino branch shall issue the invoice and the commercial invoice to the customer, which should be paid within 7 calendar days from the invoice date.

     Information on the tariffs of the Vanino branch for the provision of services for individual icebreaker assistance is provided in the section "Harbor dues and tariffs of the Vanino Branch".

     4. Statistics

     Information on the number of vessels provided with ice escorts during port calls and exits to/from the Vanino seaport.

Winter
navigation
period
Ice breaking assistance
Number of operations Number of vesels provided with ice escorts during winter navigation Average length of the ice breaking routes in
sea miles
2009–2010 12 16 3
2010–2011 19 14 3
2011–2012 234 225 4
2012–2013 48 74 4
2013–2014 11 7 3
2014–2015 13 10 3
2015–2016 58 61 4
2016–2017 133 135 4
2017-2018 75 114 19.7
2018-2019 121 146 17.3
2019-2020 161 190 44.78
2020-2021 26 27 20.7

     5. Contacts

     For additional information on terms and conditions of the Vanino Branch ice breaking services, please contact: 
    +7 (42137) 775-94 (24 hours a day),
     or send a request by fax: +7 (42137) 775-94 or e-mail: mail@van.rosmorport.ru