FSUE “Rosmorport” is a system forming organization in the port industry which is included in the list of Russian strategic enterprises.
The enterprise’s innovation activity is an element of the long-term planning system aimed at increasing navigation safety in Russian seaports and on the approaches toward them, the effective use and development of the seaport infrastructure of federal ownership.
The enterprise carries out innovative activities in the following directions:
to increase energy efficiency;
to introduce innovative approaches in shipbuilding to use aboard vessels of the FSUE “Rosmorport” icebreaker and auxiliary fleet;
to develop and modernize vessel tracking management systems of vessels, aids to navigation;
to increase environmental security in seaports;
to increase the effectiveness of projecting, new construction, reconstruction, modernization and technical upgrading, operating seaports’ infrastructure facilities, including to improve the legal framework on projecting, construction and operating seaports’ infrastructure facilities;
to increase the effectiveness of underwater engineering operations;
to increase economic and functional efficiency in the sphere of management and organization of the activity of seaports;
to develop interaction with small-sized and medium-sized innovation business enterprises;
to increase the innovation of procurement activities (when developing task orders to carry out survey and project works as part of tender documentation, there is a requirement for including a special clause for using innovation solutions and innovation technology in accordance with the list recommended by the Russian Transport Ministry;
to increase qualification of personnel geared to the innovation development due to the enterprise’s specifics;
to develop interaction with scientific organizations, higher education institutions in order to maintain multilateral educational, scientific and innovation cooperation;
to increase the effectiveness of activity planning in order to carry out research works.
Innovation solutions are put in the following production technology and materials, which are used by FSUE “Rosmorport”,
when building new VTMS and GMDSS facilities;
for servicing vessels of big displacement;
when constructing the port fleet of the new generation; for introducing the e-document flow system in ports;
when installing laser ranges;
when installing vessel mooring laser systems;
for optimizing transport approaches toward seaports through creating logistic centers in the port area to plan the arrival and departure of cargoes;
when constructing deep-sea remote controlled vehicles with the operating water depth of up to 1000 meters;
for introducing pilotage at the approaches toward seaports from the coast with the use of e-maps;
for introducing water treatment and water reuse;
when operating the Laguna fiber-optic video control system used for quality control of butt welds and pipes on facilities with the high level of electromagnetic disturbances and underwater utility lines systems;
for exercising underwater watch in order to prevent terrorist acts;
when using long-range acoustic installations in order to ensure transportation security of water areas;
when carrying out construction and installation works;
for organizing 4D visual modelling of the construction, reconstruction and modernization of facilities in the transport sector.
In order to provide pilots of the enterprise with up-to-date information on the depths of seaway canals while piloting vessels, the FSUE “Rosmorport” branches acquired pilots packages based on tablet computers, which receive statistical, dynamic, and voyage information and messages related to navigation safety from other vessels and AIS coastal stations, as well as messages conforming to international standards for vessel detection and tracking systems.
For the first time home design bureaus have worked out a design of ice class pilot boat with the hybrid propulsion system (a vessel moves with the use of diesel engines, it also moves in mixed modes and in the mode of electric propulsion using only accumulative batteries)for the enterprise.
The enterprise is one of the first to be building motor railroad ferries with the propulsion system, which operates on two types of fuel (liquefied natural gas and diesel fuel).
All larges ships built for the enterprise have the highest level of automation – AUT-1 and AUT-1 ICS (icebreakers, dredgers, hoppers, ferries under construction, pilot vessels and buoy craft) that allows for using vessels with the personnel in the engine space with full control automation and a ship’s mechanism and equipment control.
The effective use and the development of the seaport infrastructure being in federal ownership based on the development of innovation, technical, technological, organizational and managerial solutions is one of the priorities of the enterprise. The enterprise regularly develops the port infrastructure. In particular, it uses innovation technology in chemical grouting by using mineral polymer resin injection to stabilize soil’s root and consolidate soil to the design density in order to increase seismic stability of buildings and constructions.
At present, the enterprise joins efforts to develop a remote supervision system to monitor dredging operations on the example of the Volga Caspian Marine Shipping Canal with the use of an info model of the Canal (BIM-technology).
The enterprise’s branches perform modernizing aids to navigation. Particularly, metallic buoys are consistently replaced to polyethylene buoys that considerably reduce the enterprise’s costs of operation as buoys of such type do not corrode and do not require coloration. Thus, their service lifetime increases considerably.
In order to improve energy efficiency, new materials (technology) are developed for energy storage, conversion and delivery on vessels.
Under the energy efficiency program the enterprise steps up efforts aimed at developing advanced lighting systems of buildings, territories and water areas of ports where FSUE “Rosmorport” carries out its activities. In order to reduce pollution the enterprise takes measures to connect to coastal power supply sources. Facilities of the transport infrastructure are lighted by LED lamps.
In order to work out an ice class buoy craft design for its operation in the Arctic estuary harbors and in the Far East a power system, which runs on liquefied natural gas and diesel fuel, is planned to be used.
Efforts are taken to introduce alternative energy sources at GMDSS facilities.
Aids to navigation are being equipped with light-emitting diode light sources with the power system from renewable energy sources.
The branches have systems for light-optical equipment service of aids to navigation with solar panel power installed on range marks of seaports. Such systems show their effectiveness in the seaport of Onega even in insufficient light conditions (the polar night).
The Azov Basin Branch put into operation a light-optical energy device to supply power for aids to navigation in the coastal zone. It has been installed on the range mark on the 3rd sweep of the Azov-Don Seaway Canal.
In addition, front end loading is conducted to create hybrid power systems for remote facilities of navigation safety systems by using renewable and alternative power sources.
When choosing directions of vessels design and taking decisions on building facilities of the port infrastructure, FSUE “Rosmorport” relies upon projects, which have been developed based on innovation technology and which take into account the achievements in the construction of analogical types of vessels. The construction and the design of the auxiliary fleet are based on such decisions.
In particular, when building linear diesel electric icebreakers, a mixed system has been applied instead of the traditional propulsion system. Such decision improves icebreakers’ speed performance and increases propulsions effectiveness.
In order to develop the design of an ice class mark boat to be used in Arctic seaports and in the Far East, it has been planned to use a power LNG and D.O. facility.
While building mark boats (Project P1760M), an advanced engineering decision has been taken to use the cooling system of main and auxiliary engines with box coolers (the closed-loop cooling system). The use of such system will allow for considerably improving the boats’ performance parameters during the winter navigation.
In 2019 the Viktor Chernomyrdin linear diesel electric icebreaker of Project 22600, Icebreaker8 class with main propulsion unit power of 25 MW on screws was built. The icebreaker of Project 22600 has been designed by Russian design offices and constructed at Russian yards.
The icebreaker can carry out icebreaker operations on coastal routes of Arctic seas during the winter and spring navigation with an ice thickness of up to three meters and during the summer and autumn navigation without restriction. The vessel is capable of moving incessantly on a continuous field ice with the thickness of up to two meters.
Modern developments and technology will be used for the design and construction of this icebreaker. In particular, the propulsive complex is combined and has a central classic drive shaft and two azimuth rudder-propellers with a podded engine. Two maneuvering propulsion devices are placed on the end of a vessel.
Despite the dimensions and the displacement the Viktor Chernomyrdin icebreaker will have high maneuvering data and the icebreaker will be able to control its main propulsion power unit more effectively during icebreaker support operations. The icebreaker has the DYNPOS-2 dynamic positioning system, which allows for holding the vessel at a specified point or steering a vessel on course and ensuring safety at drilling installations, conducting underwater technical works and rescue operations. The icebreaker has also two helicopter sites (on the head and on the deck) that allow the Mi-8 and Ka-2 heavy helicopters and their analogues to hit the ground and take off. The icebreaker design includes the automatic seaway deck location light pointer system to ensure safe helicopter landing and takeoff. The cost of this system is lower by eight-ten times than the cost of functionally comparable systems of other manufacturers and suppliers. The invention is related to marine warning lights and designed for informing the helicopter’s crew about critical angles of inclination of the site and its vertical transfer direction while hitting on the head and deck landing area or taking off by visual signalization.
The integrated control system of AUT1-ICS vessel class provides icebreaker handling, maneuvering and safety in all operational circumstances without permanent presence of the personnel in engine rooms and the control post.
Up to 90 people can be deployed on an icebreaker of Project 22600. Premises for Wr and hydrographic laboratories are also envisioned. The endurance by fuel and foodstuff reserves is 60 days.
FSUE “Rosmorport” pays much attention to environmental safety. The enterprise has big experience in the area of dangerous waste disposal and carries out activities to collect shipboard wastes in seaports. For these purposes FSUE “Rosmorport” uses a specialized fleet, comprehensive waste disposal stations, as well as coastal facilities, and other special waste disposal equipment, in order receive and dispose of shipboard waste.
In order to reduce the level of pollution the enterprise takes measures to connect vessels to coastal power sources.
In the framework of implementing measures aimed at making investments in innovative companies of small- and medium-sized businesss, FSUE “Rosmorport” has acquired a stake in JSC “Lenmorniiproject”. The enterprise’s participation in capital of JSC “Lenmorniiproject” allows for introducing advanced technologies in the field of making designs of seaports and their infrastructure, carrying out engineering survey, developing project documentation, introducing the automated management system of the port, including all types of support: software, hardware, information support, organizational and methodical support.
While developing partnership with entities of small- and medium-sized innovation business, the enterprise also maintains cooperation with a wide list of companies, which dominate in Russia’s innovation business.
In order to develop new innovation approaches and introduce modern technologies the enterprise maintains interaction with higher education institutions, primarily with Rosmorrechflot’s higher education establishments. They maintain cooperation in the following areas:
- joint scientific researches;
- personnel training and retraining.
FSUE “Rosmorport” also uses innovation technology while forming the information environment with the use of automated methods of business processes and while developing proposals on the involvement of subsidiary companies jointly with scientific and sectoral educational institutions to applying advanced technologies, introducing inventions in the manufacturing process and rendering services.
Innovation products in the sphere of transport can include equipment for unmanned use of vehicles, equipment reducing hazardous emissions, developing and introducing software programs for vehicle operating.
In order to find and implement new technological solutions, the company annually approves the research and development plan of FSUE "Rosmorport" (hereinafter referred to as the R&D plan) for the medium term. The R&D plan for 2021-2023 provides a list of activities in the main areas of innovative development of FSUE "Rosmorport".