FSUE “Rosmorport” is a system forming organization in the port industry which is included in the list of Russian strategic enterprises.
The enterprise’s innovation activity is an element of the long-term planning system aimed at increasing navigation safety in Russian seaports and on the approaches toward them, the effective use and development of the seaport infrastructure of federal ownership.
The enterprise carries out innovative activities in the following directions:
to increase energy efficiency;
to introduce innovative approaches in shipbuilding to use aboard vessels of the FSUE “Rosmorport” icebreaker and auxiliary fleet;
to develop and modernize vessel tracking management systems of vessels, aids to navigation;
to increase environmental security in seaports;
to increase the effectiveness of projecting, new construction, reconstruction, modernization and technical upgrading, operating seaports’ infrastructure facilities, including to improve the legal framework on projecting, construction and operating seaports’ infrastructure facilities;
to increase the effectiveness of underwater engineering operations;
to increase economic and functional efficiency in the sphere of management and organization of the activity of seaports;
to develop interaction with small-sized and medium-sized innovation business enterprises;
to increase the innovation of procurement activities (when developing task orders to carry out survey and project works as part of tender documentation, there is a requirement for including a special clause for using innovation solutions and innovation technology in accordance with the list recommended by the Russian Transport Ministry;
to increase qualification of personnel geared to the innovation development due to the enterprise’s specifics;
to develop interaction with scientific organizations, higher education institutions in order to maintain multilateral educational, scientific and innovation cooperation;
to increase the effectiveness of activity planning in order to carry out research works.
Innovation solutions are put in the following production technology and materials, which are used by FSUE “Rosmorport”,
when building new VTMS and GMDSS facilities;
for servicing vessels of big displacement;
when constructing the port fleet of the new generation;
for introducing the e-document flow system in ports;
when installing laser ranges;
when installing vessel mooring laser systems;
for optimizing transport approaches toward seaports through creating logistic centers in the port area to plan the arrival and departure of cargoes;
when constructing deep-sea remote controlled vehicles with the operating water depth of up to 1000 meters;
for introducing pilotage at the approaches toward seaports from the coast with the use of e-maps;
for introducing water treatment and water reuse;
when operating the Laguna fiber-optic video control system used for quality control of butt welds and pipes on facilities with the high level of electromagnetic disturbances and underwater utility lines systems;
for exercising underwater watch in order to prevent terrorist acts;
when using long-range acoustic installations in order to ensure transportation security of water areas;
when carrying out construction and installation works;
for organizing 4D visual modelling of the construction, reconstruction and modernization of facilities in the transport sector.
In order to provide pilots of the enterprise with up-to-date information on the depths of seaway canals while piloting vessels, the FSUE “Rosmorport” branches acquired pilots packages based on tablet computers, which receive statistical, dynamic, and voyage information and messages related to navigation safety from other vessels and AIS coastal stations, as well as messages conforming to international standards for vessel detection and tracking systems.
For the first time home design bureaus have worked out a design of ice class pilot boat with the hybrid propulsion system (a vessel moves with the use of diesel engines, it also moves in mixed modes and in the mode of electric propulsion using only accumulative batteries)for the enterprise.
The enterprise is one of the first to be building motor railroad ferries with the propulsion system, which operates on two types of fuel (liquefied natural gas and diesel fuel).
All larges ships built for the enterprise have the highest level of automation – AUT-1 and AUT-1 ICS (icebreakers, dredgers, hoppers, ferries under construction, pilot vessels and buoy craft) that allows for using vessels with the personnel in the engine space with full control automation and a ship’s mechanism and equipment control.
Currently, FSUE "Rosmorport" continues to implement its plans on development of service fleet of the enterprise and operates as customer-developer in building vessels envisaged by the Federal Target Program “Development of Transport System of Russia (2010-2020)” and the Comprehensive plan for the modernization and expansion of the main infrastructure.
One of the main tasks of the enterprise is effective use and development of the seaport infrastructure in federal ownership by implementing innovative technical, technological, organizational and managerial solutions. Development of port infrastructure is carried out systematically; in particular, innovative technologies in chemical grouting by using mineral polymer resin injection to stabilize soil’s root and consolidate soil up to the design density in order to increase seismic stability when constructing port infrastructure are used.
The enterprise develops its own standard for information modeling.
FSUE “Rosmorport” plans to develop BIM-technologies in design and operation of hydraulic structures. The standard for information modeling will allow to use modern BIM-technologies in design. Using such technologies will help to avoid mistakes and overlaps in implementation of projects.
All new design tasks with FSUE “Rosmorport” as the customer will contain the requirement of BIM-modeling. In particular, this requirement has already been fixed within the current contract with LENMORNIIPROEKT JSC for the design of the reconstruction of berth No. 5 in the seaport of Magadan.
BIM-designing is a creation of a virtual three-dimensional model of a building or other structure based on architectural, planning, structural, economic, engineering, technological and operational information. BIM-technologies are designed to collect, store, process and upload data on the facility, which first make adjustments to the virtual model and calculate the consequences, and then are implemented at a particular physical object.
In order to improve energy efficiency, new materials (technology) are developed for energy storage, conversion and delivery on vessels.
Under the energy efficiency program the enterprise steps up efforts aimed at developing advanced lighting systems of buildings, territories and water areas of ports where FSUE “Rosmorport” carries out its activities. In order to reduce pollution the enterprise takes measures to connect to coastal power supply sources. Facilities of the transport infrastructure are lighted by LED lamps.
In order to work out an ice class buoy craft design for its operation in the Arctic estuary harbors and in the Far East a power system, which runs on liquefied natural gas and diesel fuel, is planned to be used.
Every year FSUE “Rosmorport” implements activities on developing and modernizing of existing VTS and GMDSS facilities in order to maintain their technical equipment at a modern level, as well as on building new facilities. The enterprise's branches upgrade aids to navigation. Particularly, metallic buoys are consistently replaced by polyethylene ones that leads to a significant reduction in operating costs as buoys of such type do not corrode and do not require coloration. Thus, their service lifetime increases considerably.
Currently, the Arctic is in the focus of attention of both Arctic and non-Arctic states due to both explored and estimated substantial reserves of natural resources (biological and mineral).
In accordance with the Decree of President of Russia No. 204 dated May 7, 2018 “On the national goals and strategic objectives of the development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2024” by 2024 cargo traffic along the Northern Sea Route should increase to 80 million tons, which involves a considerable increase in the number of maritime transport on the water area of the Northern Sea Route.
To create modern infrastructure, including one ensuring navigation safety, is a task of greatest importance for implementing the decree of President of Russia.
In order to ensure navigation safety in the seaports along the Northern Sea Route, new GMDSS complexes are being built and existing ones are being upgraded as part of an international system that uses modern land, satellite and ship-based radio communication systems. In particular, based on the research work, a center for remote control of the Sabetta GMDSS complex was created and the e-Navigation software and hardware complex was put into trial operation at the Arkhangelsk branch.
The complex is an integrated into VTS platform for extended data exchange with vessels, which includes technical tools and software.
E-navigation technologies will help VTS boatmasters and operators make decisions, improve the quality of port services and fleet work, and prevent human errors.
As part of the pilot operation, with the participation of Sovcomflot PJSC vessels, the following options of the system are being tested: planning of the individual route for the vessel, receiving the route and timetable, exchanging text messages with the vessel.
Besides, also in a test mode, navigation messages are being issued with automatic transmission to vessels, relevant individual routes are being received from vessels in case of changes and the advanced monitoring of traffic target vessels that have assigned individual routes is being carried out.
FSUE “Rosmorport” is one of the first in Russia to implement initiatives on a-Navigation. At present, the technologies are being tested on the vessels of the dredging fleet: the dredger Redut and the dredging barge Rabochaya. The dredger is equipped with a remote control unit for monitoring and running the vessel. Special equipment is also installed on the dredging barge Rabochaya as part of a single basic technological platform.
The capabilities of autonomous and remote modes of operation of the dredging barge, that was then in the Kerch Strait, by means of remote control unit were demonstrated to the Minister of Transport of Russia at the Transport of Russia exhibition.
It is planned to create a center for remote control of autonomous vessels of the enterprise. Remote control unit will be the operator's workplace and will solve all of the remote control and control tasks. The enterprise also plans to deploy a broadband data network in the seaport of Kaliningrad and implement electronic navigation services on the basis of hardware-software complexes at the VTS of new generation.
Within the pilot project on implementation of autonomous nagivation technologies, conducted with the participation of the Ministry of Transport of Russia, FSUE “Rosmorport” and Sitronics KT, the tasks of ensuring the possibility of wide use of autonomous vessels under the Russian flag are being worked out. The project includes a full range of technical means with testing in real operation conditions on commercial fleet vessels.
When choosing directions of vessels design and taking decisions on building facilities of the port infrastructure, FSUE “Rosmorport” relies upon projects, which have been developed based on innovation technology and which take into account the achievements in the construction of analogical types of vessels. The construction and the design of the auxiliary fleet are based on such decisions.
In particular, when building linear diesel electric icebreakers, a mixed system has been applied instead of the traditional propulsion system. Such decision improves icebreakers’ speed performance and increases propulsions effectiveness.
In order to develop the design of an ice class mark boat to be used in Arctic seaports and in the Far East, it has been planned to use a power LNG and D.O. facility.
While building mark boats (Project P1760M), an advanced engineering decision has been taken to use the cooling system of main and auxiliary engines with box coolers (the closed-loop cooling system). The use of such system will allow for considerably improving the boats’ performance parameters during the winter navigation.
In 2019 the Viktor Chernomyrdin linear diesel electric icebreaker of Project 22600, Icebreaker8 class with main propulsion unit power of 25 MW on screws was built. The icebreaker of Project 22600 has been designed by Russian design offices and constructed at Russian yards.
The icebreaker can carry out icebreaker operations on coastal routes of Arctic seas during the winter and spring navigation with an ice thickness of up to three meters and during the summer and autumn navigation without restriction. The vessel is capable of moving incessantly on a continuous field ice with the thickness of up to two meters.
Modern developments and technology will be used for the design and construction of this icebreaker. In particular, the propulsive complex is combined and has a central classic drive shaft and two azimuth rudder-propellers with a podded engine. Two maneuvering propulsion devices are placed on the end of a vessel.
Despite the dimensions and the displacement the Viktor Chernomyrdin icebreaker will have high maneuvering data and the icebreaker will be able to control its main propulsion power unit more effectively during icebreaker support operations. The icebreaker has the DYNPOS-2 dynamic positioning system, which allows for holding the vessel at a specified point or steering a vessel on course and ensuring safety at drilling installations, conducting underwater technical works and rescue operations. The icebreaker has also two helicopter sites (on the head and on the deck) that allow the Mi-8 and Ka-2 heavy helicopters and their analogues to hit the ground and take off. The icebreaker design includes the automatic seaway deck location light pointer system to ensure safe helicopter landing and takeoff. The cost of this system is lower by eight-ten times than the cost of functionally comparable systems of other manufacturers and suppliers. The invention is related to marine warning lights and designed for informing the helicopter’s crew about critical angles of inclination of the site and its vertical transfer direction while hitting on the head and deck landing area or taking off by visual signalization.
The integrated control system of AUT1-ICS vessel class provides icebreaker handling, maneuvering and safety in all operational circumstances without permanent presence of the personnel in engine rooms and the control post.
Up to 90 people can be deployed on an icebreaker of Project 22600. Premises for Wr and hydrographic laboratories are also envisioned. The endurance by fuel and foodstuff reserves is 60 days.
FSUE “Rosmorport” pays much attention to environmental safety. The enterprise has big experience in the area of dangerous waste disposal and carries out activities to collect shipboard wastes in seaports. For these purposes FSUE “Rosmorport” uses a specialized fleet, comprehensive waste disposal stations, as well as coastal facilities, and other special waste disposal equipment, in order receive and dispose of shipboard waste.
In order to reduce the level of pollution the enterprise takes measures to connect vessels to coastal power sources.
In the framework of implementing measures aimed at making investments in innovative companies of small- and medium-sized businesss, FSUE “Rosmorport” has acquired a stake in JSC “Lenmorniiproject”. The enterprise’s participation in capital of JSC “Lenmorniiproject” allows for introducing advanced technologies in the field of making designs of seaports and their infrastructure, carrying out engineering survey, developing project documentation, introducing the automated management system of the port, including all types of support: software, hardware, information support, organizational and methodical support.
While developing partnership with entities of small- and medium-sized innovation business, the enterprise also maintains cooperation with a wide list of companies, which dominate in Russia’s innovation business.
In order to develop new innovation approaches and introduce modern technologies the enterprise maintains interaction with higher education institutions, primarily with Rosmorrechflot’s higher education establishments. They maintain cooperation in the following areas:
- joint scientific researches;
- personnel training and retraining.
FSUE “Rosmorport” also uses innovation technology while forming the information environment with the use of automated methods of business processes and while developing proposals on the involvement of subsidiary companies jointly with scientific and sectoral educational institutions to applying advanced technologies, introducing inventions in the manufacturing process and rendering services.
Innovation products in the sphere of transport can include equipment for unmanned use of vehicles, equipment reducing hazardous emissions, developing and introducing software programs for vehicle operating.
In order to find and implement new technological solutions, the company annually approves the research and development plan of FSUE "Rosmorport" (hereinafter referred to as the R&D plan) for the medium term. The R&D plan for 2022-2024 provides a list of activities in the main areas of innovative development of FSUE "Rosmorport".