Icebreaking Services

1. General information

2. Information on the icebreaking assistance area

3. Icebreaking assistance terms and conditions

4. Statistics

5. Contacts

 

     1. General information 

    The FSUE “Rosmorport” Vanino Branch renders services for pilotage of vessels within a convoy that make calls at the seaport of Vanino.

     Icebreaker support is provided by using the Krasin icebreaker of the FSUE “Rosmorport” Far Eastern Basin Branch, and if it necessary by involving the Urgal, Tunguy, Chara, Syurkum, Siziman and Zolotoy ice-class tugboats belonging to other organizations.

     Characteristics of all Vanino Branch ice breakers comply with the conditions in the northern part of the Japanese Sea during winter navigation. 

 

Characteristics Tug Names
Urgal, Tunguy, Chara Siziman, Syurkum Zolotoy The Krasin
Class of the Russian Maritime Regisrty of Shipping КМ*LU4 11 А1 tug КМ*Ice2-Arc4 R3 AUT3 FF3WS Tug КМ*UL2-R3 AUT2 Tug КМ*LL2(2) Icebreaker
Length, m 28.5 25.4 35.2 129.81
Width, m 9.5 8.8 9.5 25.97
Depth, m 4.8 4.3 4.5 16.71
Draught, m 4 3.8 4.35 11
Tonnage, tons 500 188 500 14,058
Power, kWt 2,982 2,028 2,500 30,465

 

     2. Information on the icebreaking assistance area

     The seaport of Vanino winter navigation is usually opened on January, 1 and closed on March, 31. Depending on weather conditions the captain of the Vanino seaport can change the date of opening of winter navigation and its duration. The winter navigation opening/closure is announced in the coastal messages. The average duration of winter navigation is 90 days.
     Ice breaking assistance is provided by the Vanino Branch to vessels calling at the Vanino seaport, within its water area, or within the Vanino VTS coverage area. Ice breaking assistance is performed from the actual ice edge to the Vanino seaport berths.
     In order to provide navigation safety during winter navigation, when the easterly winds get stronger, to vessels heading for the Vanino seaport, it is recommended to lie to drift to the east from the 140º30’E meridian, and wait for the wind direction to change to westerly or north-westerly, to prevent the vessel getting into an “ice river” – a natural phenomenon appearing between the Datta Cape and the Krasny Partisan Cape due to the drifting ice of up to 10-ball density. 




     3. Icebreaking assistance terms and conditions 

    Icebreaker support for vessels in the seaport of Vanino is provided by the Vanino Branch pursuant to the requirements of:

     – the General Rules of Navigation and Vessel Mooring in the Seaports of the Russian Federation and on the Approaches Toward Them. The Rules were approved under Order of the Ministry of Transport of Russia No. 140 dated 20.08.2009;

     – the Compulsory Regulations in the Seaport of Vanino. The Regulations were approved under Order of the Ministry of Transport of Russia No. 431 dated 13.12.2012 in terms of organizing ice navigation of vessels in the seaport of Vanino;

     – the recommendations of the Basin Commission of FSBI “Administration of Seaports of Sea of Okhotsk and Tatar Strait” for organization of icebreaker escorts of vessels in the seaports of Vanino, Sovetskaya Gavan, De Kastri and on the approaches toward them;

     – the resolutions taken by the captain of the seaport of Vanino in terms of organizing ice navigation of vessels in the seaport of Vanino.

     During the 2016-2017 winter navigation, the captain of the seaport of Vanino issued:

     – Instruction No. 426/A “On Declaring Period of Icebreaker Support in Seaport of Vanino for Period of 2016-2017 Winter Navigation” dated 13.122016;

     – Instruction No. 439/A “On Imposing Restrictions in Seaport of Vanino for Period of Icebreaker Support” dated 20.12.2016;

     – Instruction No. 467/A  “On Imposing Restrictions in Seaport of Vanino for Period of Icebreaker Support” dated 29.12.2016.

 

     Pilotage of vessels heading for /from the seaport of Vaninon is performed by icebreakers of the Vanino Branch when a vessel moves as part of an ice convoy from/to the convoy meeting point (hereinafter referred to as the CMP) to/from the place of anchoring of vessels or to the berth. Information on a vessel's approach toward the CMP is given 72 hours before and confirmed 24 hours before the expected arrival at the CMP by sending it to the captain of the seaport of Vanino on www.portcall.marinet.ru.

     The time and the order of vessels' movement through the ice, as well as the number of vessels piloted simultaneously are determined by the captain of the seaport of Vanino and transmitted to vessels at 11:00 a.m., 4:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m. (local time).

     Depending on the forecast ice situation in the water area of the seaport of Vanino the captain of the seaport of Vanino imposes restrictions on the regime of ice navigation and determines the CMP location. Notifications of the restrictions on ice navigation and the CMP location are placed on the Internet website www.ampvanino.ru 14 days before the supposed date of imposing restrictions on ice navigation and the CMP location.

     At the time of conducting pilotage, when there is eastern wind and sailing ice, vessels should wait for mooring easterly of the longitude 140o300,00'E or in the Bay of Vanino and the Gulf of Sovetskaya Gavan.

     In case there is ice in the water area of the seaport of Vanino, vessels' anchoring and drifting are banned between the lines connecting Cape Toki, Cape Burnyi, Cape Veselyi and the longitude 140o300,00'E with the wind direction of 0-180 degrees.

     With the wind direction of 0-180 degrees and fast in ice on the line of Cape Datta – Cape Burnyi – Cape Krasnyi Partisan vessels' mooring to Berth No 5 in the seaport of Vanino is not allowed.

     The restrictions on ice navigation under the Compulsory Regulations in the Seaport of Vanino are not imposed upon vessels aged not older than 15 years with the gross capacity of over 30000 and corresponding to the respective requirements set by the rules of the Russian Maritime Registry of Shipping in part of possible free ice navigation and ice navigation supported by an icebreaker. In this case the restrictions on ice navigation imposed by the rules of the Russian Maritime register of Shipping are applied to such vessels.

 

     The convoy is formed by the captain of the seaport of Vanino based upon:

     – the time of a vessel's approach toward to the CMP;

     – the time of receipt of a request to call at the seaport or to leave the seaport;

     – the sequence of vessels' traffic in accordance with the General Rules for the Navigation and Mooring of Vessels in the Seaports of the Russian Federation and on the Approaches Toward Them. The Rules were approved by Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation Order No 140 of August 20, 2009;

     – the restrictions on ice navigation for vessels.

 

     By approaching the CMP a vessel establishes radio contact with an icebreaker on VHF Channel 16 (an icebreaker's call signal within the CMP) and operates on the grounds of its instructions. If necessary, VTS of the seaport of Vanino helps to establish radio communication between the vessel and the icebreaker.

     With due regard to the real ice situation in the water area of the seaport of Vanino and on the approaches toward it vessels with ice class higher than the one specified by the restrictions on ice navigation can move to / leave the seaport of Vanino independently along the route based on the recommendations of VTS of the seaport of Vanino.

     Vessels moving independently should inform VTS of the seaport of Vanino about the passage of designated control points of the recommended route and inform the operator of VTMS of the seaport of Vanino about the ice situation on the way of a vessel's movement.

     Reserves of fuel, food and water on a vessel should provide a vessel's endurance of no less than 10 days from the date of the vessel's approach toward the CMP to allow the vessel to call at the seaport of Vanino. When a vessel stays in the area of icebreaker support for more than 10 days as from a vessel's approach toward the CMP the captain of the seaport of Vanino takes immediate measures to ensure pilotage of the vessel to the seaport.


     The Vanino Branch charges ice breaking dues for providing ice breaking services. Information on ice breaking dues rates and terms and conditions of its charging is available in the section “Harbor Dues and Tariffs of the Vanino Branch”.

     4. Statistics

     Information on the number of vessels provided with ice escorts during port calls and exits to/from the Vanino seaport.

Winter
navigation
period
Ice breaking assistance
Number of operations Number of vesels provided with ice escorts during winter navigation Average length of the ice breaking routes in
sea miles
2009–2010 12 16 3
2010–2011 19 14 3
2011–2012 234 225 4
2012–2013 48 74 4
2013–2014 11 7 3
2014–2015 13 10 3
2015–2016 58 61 4
2016–2017 133 135 4

     5. Contacts

     For additional information on terms and conditions of the Vanino Branch ice breaking services, please contact: 
    +7 (42137) 775-94 (24 hours a day),
     or send a request by fax: +7 (42137) 775-94 or e-mail: mail@van.rosmorport.ru
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