Ecological Activities

I. Environment protection during operating
     1. Air Protection
     2. Water Protection
     3. Land Protection 
     4. Wastes disposal
     5. Elimination of emergencies
II. Ecological Activities while Dredging
III. Ecological Activities while construction/reconstruction of Port Infrastructure Facilities
IV. Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch Expenses for Ecological Activities
V. Prospects of Environmental Protection
 

 

     Major ecological activities of FSUE "Rosmorport" Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch, formed in 2011 on the basis of Eysk, Novorossiysk, Taman, and Tuapse Branches, are the following:
     - to decrease negative impact on the environment caused by FSUE "Rosmorport" operating; 
    - to observe environmental legislation and standards;
     Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch carries out its ecological activities in accordance with annual plans on environment protection activities, prepared and implemented provided by the Russian Federation legislation.
     For these purposes Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch staff includes department with employees, who are engaged in controlling observance by Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch ecological legislation of the Russian Federation, performing ecological monitoring during industrial activities in corresponding seaports.
     All such employees of Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch have appropriate qualification and relevant working experience of not less than 3 years.

     I. Environment protection during operating

     While its operations Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch carries out environmental protection in the following sectors:

     1. Air Protection 

     To perform its activities Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch has in its disposal vessel of auxiliary fleet and motor vehicles. Industrial inspection on the enterprise includes, among other things, regular monitoring of air pollution by motor vehicles and emission of burnt gazes from marine engines with the help of involved laboratories.  
     Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch also utilizes stationary sources of air pollutants emission: boiler-house and stand-by diesel generators, located in seaports of Novorossiysk (diesel generators) and Tuapse (boiler-house).
     In accordance with the environmental legislation a project on pollutants emission limits has been prepared. On the basis of this project the following permissions have been obtained:
     - air pollutants emission permit No. VZ/110 dated 04.08.2010, issued on the order of the North-Caucasus Department of Rostechnadzor No. EK-02/3-110 dated 04.10.2010
     - air pollutants emission permit No. V9/129 dated 29.09.2010, issued on the order of the North-Caucasus Department of Rostechnadzor No. ek-02/9-129 dated 29.09.2010 
     Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch is currently gathering information to choose a company for preparation of documentation on determination of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of air pollutants emitted by the Eysk Department. This documentation shall become the basis for a project on air pollutants limits.
 

     Dynamics of air pollutants emission by Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch of FSUE "Rosmorport"
 

 
     Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch is currently in the process of operational control of air pollutants emission that would include measures for their decrease. For instance, the program provides regular measurements of air pollution from marine engines and motor vehicles, reducing of pollution by performance of routine technical activities aimed at their maintenance at a required level, shortening of periods of their idle running time.
     In order to reduce air pollution from stationary sources the branch has moved from solid fuel (coal), used in the boiler-house, to natural gaz. This has reduced significantly the volume of air pollutants. Diesel generators are used only in cases of power outage, due to which they are used for cold stand-by.
     Measurements of air pollutants are conducted on regular basis, which allows not to break their established limits.    
 
     2. Water Protection 

     To perform its activities Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch utilizes marine facilities within boundaries of seaports of Anapa, Gelendzhik, Eysk, Kavkaz, Novorossiysk, Temryuk and Tuapse.
     As required by the water legislation of the Russian Federation the following agreements on water use have been concluded by Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch:
     - agreement on water use No. GO-00.00.00.000-M-DIBT-2012-01276/00 dated 27.01.2012 for use of 27.22 km2 of water surface objects in the Azov Sea basin in the established boundaries to station vessels and floating facilities
     - agreement on water use No. VO-00.00.00.000-M-DIBT-2012-01277/00 dated 27.01.2012 for use of 19.38 km2 of water surface objects in the Black Sea basin in the established boundaries to station vessels and floating facilities
      Moreover, Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch has the following licenses for water use:
     - water use license series KDR No. 00075 dated 31.05.2005, license type ЦМТБВ, issued by Rosvodresursy on station of floating facilities and dredging with remove of excavated soil into underwater dump (area 959)
     - water use license series KDR No. 44644 dated 01.09.2005, license type БМТБВ, issued by Kuban basin department of Rosvodresursy on utilization of hydrotechnical constructions and station of floating facilities on the territory of 51.13 km2 and dredging on the territory of 5.10 km2  Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch quarterly takes and analyses samples of the water objects used by the branch as it is provided by the agreement and a program on regular control for marine objects and water protection area. The data are provided to Kuban basin department of Rosvodresursy.
     As the results of the previous year show, no pollution has been found.
     Besides, Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch controls observance of environment protection requirements by lessees of the branch berths. 
 
     3. Land Protection 


     In order to prevent littering and pollution of its territory, Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch carries out the following activities:
     - regular collection and disposal of garbage;
     - equipping warehouses in accordance with the environmental legislation requirements; 
     - control over activities of lessees in order to ensure regular disposal of garbage.

     4. Wastes disposal
 
     FSUE "Rosmorport" has worked out measures to decrease its wastes impact on the environment. The enterprise keeps records of volumes of wastes, controls places of their temporary disposal and accumulation and also frequency of disposal. Departments of the branch control observance of the Russian environmental legislation while wastes handling.
     In accordance with the Russian legislation, Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch has worked out standard limit for hazardous wastes production and disposal and, on their ground, North-Caucasus Department of Rostechnadzor has approved:
     - wastes disposal limits No. OZ/449 dated 23.07.2010 expiring after 15.06.2015;
     - wastes disposal limits No. O9/117 dated 29.09.2010 expiring after 7.09.2015;
     - wastes disposal limits No. O2C/810 dated 07.07.2009 expiring after 7.06.2014;
     - wastes disposal limits No. O6/156 dated 29.09.2010 expiring after 31.08.2015; 
     Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch controls volume of wastes production during its operations, works out measures to reduce wastes production and disposal, ensures observance of standards and regulations in the field of wastes handling, controls performance of emergency prevention activities and supervises places of wastes disposal.
     Wastes of Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch are classified as wastes of I – IV classes. I and II class wastes ratio of the total wastes of the branch are 0.1 %.
     The branch has concluded agreements with licensed companies for utilization and disposal of its wastes. For instance, I and II class wastes, such as mercury lamps, acid and alkaline cells, are sent to specialized places, where they are neutralized and recycled. Wastes of the III class (different oils, bilge and oily waters) are brought to specialized organisations as well. Solid domestic wastes are transported to a city wastes ground for burying, and sewage and faeces waters run to the sewage.
 

Dynamics of wastes production by Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch 
 

     5. Elimination of emergencies

     Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch engages professional emergency services for emergency preparedness.
     In order to ensure readiness for effective elimination of emergencies Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch implements measures to train its employees’ practical skills of utilization of technical means in various situations. For instance, the following trainings are held on constant basis:
     - training for organization of use of specific technical means for elimination of emergency situations
     - complex training with practical use of specific technical means for elimination of emergency situations on water
     - command and staff training with working off questions of control, communication and interaction.
     Trainings are held both by Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch itself, and by engaging specialized professional companies on contractual basis.
 
     II. Ecological Activities while Dredging
 
     Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch pays great deal of attention to environmental protection while dredging.
     In order to ensure safe shipping and maintain depths every year Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch carries out repair dredging in seaports of Eysk, Kavkaz, Novorossiysk, Temtyuk and Tuapse.  
     Dredging is performed in accordance with РД 31.74.08-94 “Technical guidelines for marine dredging” and valid standards and regulations, which establish rules of performance and acceptance of dredging operations.
     At the moment Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch has a plan of repair dredging in Novorossiysk seaport basin for 2013 – 2018, which has been submitted for the state ecological expertise. Projects on dredging operations in seaports of Eysk, Kavkaz and Temryuk, and on approaches to Tuapse seaport and in its basin, worked out by specialized companies, in their turn, has been submitted for the state ecological expertise.
     In order to control impact of bottom-cleaning on ecosystem of the Black and Azov Seas, reveal and prevent exceeding permissible impact, Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch systematically arranges monitoring that includes taking of water and floor soil samples and chemical analysis of these samples.
     Monitoring consists of:
     - oceanographic observations: temperature, clarity, salinity of water; weather conditions and other characteristics
     - water and floor soil samples
     - hydrochemical analysis of the taken water samples (salinity, content of oxygen, heavy metals and oil products)
     - analysis of water samples for presence and content of suspensions    
     - hydrobiological analysis of water samples (phytoplankton, animal plankton)
     - lithologic analysis of sediments samples (grading)
     - lithochemical analysis of sediments samples (content of heavy metals and oil products)
     - monitoring of bottom state and shores while operations (once a year)Results of the analyses, performed with the help of licensed laboratories for monitoring of the water objects state, where operations are held, are sent to Kuban basin department for water resources every quarter. 
     In order to compensate for damage done to biological resources of the Black and Azov Seas while dredging Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch, on contractual basis with fisheries industries of the Krasnodar Region, grows juvenile fish to release into corresponding water objects.
     So, starting from 2009, more than 327.7 thous. yearlings of sazan has been grown and release into Krasnodarskoe storage pond by the branch.
     In 2010 almost 22.2 thous. yearlings of black sea salmon has been grown and released into basins of Mzymta and Shaha rivers, and almost 131 thous. yearlings of sterlet and released into Kuban river basin.    
     In 2011 almost 94.8 thous. yearlings of Russian sturgeon has been grown and released into Kuban river basin.       
     In 2012 almost 32.7 thous. yearlings of Russian sturgeon has been grown and released into Kuban river basin. 
     For purposes of compensation for damage to the Black and Azov Seas, caused by dredging in Novorossiysk seaport, Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch spent 909 thous. rubles, and in 2012 – almost 193.3. thous. rubles.      

     III. Ecological Activities while Construction/Reconstruction of Port Infrastructure Facilities
 
     Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch, as customer-developer, in accordance with federal target programs and investment programs of the enterprise in seaports of the Krasnodar Region, implements significant number of projects on of coastal and port infrastructure construction and reconstruction.
 
     Project documentation on all facilities of capital investment, which was performed by the branch starting from 2004 to the present time, has been worked out strictly in accordance with standards and requirements of the Russian Federation environmental legislation. Public hearings were duly held, after which the project documentation was sent to the state ecological expertise, and positive conclusions of the state ecological expertise were obtained.
 
     Eysk Department of Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch is currently performing reconstruction of Vostochny Pier within the project on “Reconstruction of Vostochny Pier with creation of artificial area in Eysk seaport”.      
     In 2012 the first stage of reconstruction, connected with transfer of the channel, was completed. On the second and the third stages it is planned to create first and second levels of the artificial area. In the same year the documentation on the project that contained amendments to the project was approved by the state ecological expertise by order No. 4392 dated 21.12.2012 of the Rosprirodnadzor department for the South federal region.
 
     While implementation of the project on Vostochny Pier reconstruction ecological activities are carried out by the contractor in the following fields:
      air protection:
     a) all the constructing equipment is examined for toxicity of exhaust fumes   
     b) in severe weather conditions cars and constructing equipment are used in their turns  
     c) adjustment of fueling means and explosion engines and PIC oxidation neutralizer installation
     d) usage of electroenergy instead of solid and liquid fuel
     e) use of containers and special transport facilities for bulk and dust-forming materials transportation
     f) quality control (toxic substances content) of construction parts and materials
     g) all powder-like and toxic substances are kept in containers
 
     - water resources protection:
     a) oily water, domestic and fecal sewage and garbage collection from floating construction mechanisms and vehicles into special accumulating tares with their further removal from a construction area by special autotransport
     b) use of containers and special transport facilities for transportation of concrete, rock soil, gravel and stone
     c) equipment of a construction area with sewage systems to collect production and domestic sewages to purification structures and prevention of their flow to the sea port water area
 
     - protection against littering
     a) maximum reduction of a construction area territory
     b) excavations in strictly defined boundaries
     c) prevention of a leakage of fuel or lubricants during vehiles fueling and exploitation;
     d) sorting of construction waste and (if possible) recurring usage;
          
     Expenses for all the environment protection activities and payments for impact on air polluting, disposal of wastes, hazardous wastes are charged from a contractor.
     Total expenses of Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch on implementation of all environmental protection activities reached almost 57.4 thos. rubles.
 
     In the nearest and far future Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch will continue implementation of other projects of capital investment, dedicated to port infrastructure development.
     Project documentation on all facilities of capital investment, which was performed by the branch starting from 2004 to the present time, has been worked out strictly in accordance with standards and requirements of the Russian Federation environmental legislation. Public hearings were duly held, after which the project documentation was sent to the state ecological expertise, and positive conclusions of the state ecological expertise were obtained.
     Now, project on North-Eastern cargo area construction in Kavkaz Seaport and reconstruction has been approved by the state ecological expertise from:
     Rosprirodnadzor department for the South federal region, order No. 706 dated 22.09.2011
     Rosprirodnadzor department for the South federal region, order No. 598 dated 12.04.2011
     In accordance of the state ecological expertise there are:
     - positive conclusion of state ecological expertise No. 691-12/ГГЭ-7521/04, approved by FAU “Glavgosexpertisa of Russia” dated 20.07.2012
     - positive conclusion of state ecological expertise No. № 638-12/ГГЭ-7795/04, approved by FAU “Glavgosexpertisa of Russia” dated 09.07.2012Project implementation is planned for 2013 after corresponding tender is held.
 
     IV. Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch Expenses for Ecological Activities
 
     Total expenses of Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch on implementation of all environmental protection activities in 2012, including payments for impact on environment.
 
Diagram with expenses of Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch on ecological activities

 
     V. Prospects of Environmental Protection
 
     The main goals of Azovo-Chernomorsky Basin Branch in the field of environmental protection shall be:
     - implementation of planned measures for further reducing of impact on the environment, caused by the branch activities, by decreasing quantity of pollutants emission into atmosphere, including by using ecologically friendly fuels of Evro-3 and Evro-4 standard, decreasing negative impact on water objects and quantity of wastes
     - restricting of ecological monitoring
     - improvement of the ecological management systems of the branch
     - implementation of up-to-date energy- and resource-saving technologies
     - expansion of activities in the field of ecological services provision for vessels in seaports of the Kaliningrad Region.
 
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