Environmental Protection

I. Environmental protection during current economic activities

     1. Atmospheric air protection

     2. Water resources protection

     3. Land plots protection

     4. Waste disposal

     5. Emergency liquidation

II. Environmental protection in dredging operations

III. Environmental protection in construction works

IV. Environmental expenditures

V. Environmental activities prospects

 

     The FSUE “Rosmorport” Astrakhan Branch main aims in the field of environment protection are:

          - decrease of the Branch's activities negative impact on the environment;
          - implementation of federal and regional normative legal acts in the field of environmental protection;
          - production control over the Branch's environmental activities.
     The Astrakhan Branch carries out ecological activity in accordance with Environmental Action Plan, which is annually approved by the Head of the Branch.

 

     To carry out ecological activities the Astrakhan Branch has an department that solves all the issues, connected with organisation of control over the Branch’s fulfilment of requirements and regulations established by the Russian Federation Legislation in the field of environmental protection, implements activities of production ecological control when carrying out Branch's statutory activities in the corresponding seaports.

     All employees of the Astrakhan Branch engaged in those activities have necessary specialized education with degrees in environmental protection and rational usage of natural resources and also 3 years of professional experience.

 

I. Environmental protection during current economic activities

 

     The environmental protection activities conducted by the Astrakhan Branch in the sphere of environmental protection during current economic activities are implemented in the following directions:

 

1. Atmospheric air protection

 
     In order to conduct its statutory activities the Astrakhan Branch possesses permanent assets, which include stationary and mobile sources of air pollution. The latter include automobile transport and Branch’s vessels; stationary pollution sources include emergency and stand-by diesel-generator stations, energy wagons, tanks and storage warehouses for fuel and POL of the Astrakhan Branch.

     In accordance with the requirements of the environmental legislation, the Astrakhan Branch has elaborated a project of guidelines on maximum allowed emissions of polluting substances into the atmospheric air. On the ground of this project the Branch obtained the permission to emit harmful substances (pollutants) into the air (except for radioactive substances) No. 7449/999 dated 26.05.2015. The permission was issued by order of the Astrakhan Rosprirodnadzor Department No 546 of 26.05.2015.

 

Dynamic of emissions of hazardous (polluting) substances from stationary sources of pollution by FSUE “Rosmorport” Astrakhan Branch

 

    

     There is a slight increase of atmospheric emissions compared to 2015 due to the increase of the working time of stationary sources of air pollution in the Astrakhan Branch for operational reasons .

     The Astrakhan Branch carries out systematic production control over compliance with maximum permissible emissions into the atmosphere at sources of pollutant emissions with the involvement of a specialized organization.

     Among the measures taken by the Branch to ensure cleanliness of the air is regulation of emissions of hazardous (polluting) substances from sources of pollution during periods of unfavorable meteorological conditions on the basis of the forecast information provided on a contractual basis by the Astrakhan Center for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring - Branch of the FSBI North-Caucasian Weather Control and Environmental Monitoring Service.

     The Astrakhan Branch plans to continue regulating emission of harmful (polluting) substances from sources of pollution during periods of unfavorable meteorological conditions in order to reduce emissions of harmful (polluting) substances into the air, and to optimize the operation of all diesel-generator stations in the Branch which are used in case of disconnection of electric power, by shutting them down to cold reserve.

 

2. Water resources protection

 

     The Astrakhan Branch uses water bodies for realization of its statutory tasks for construction and dredging works in the water area of the Volga-Caspian Marine Shipping Channel (without withdrawal of water resources), and also uses water bodies with withdrawal of water resources for the needs of certain structural divisions of the Branch.

     According to Russian legislation the Astrakhan Branch has made the following water use contracts:

  • water use contract No. 00-11.01.00.025-М-DKhIO-Т-2015-01999/00 of 09.11.2015 with the Nizhne-Volzhskiy Basin Authority of Federal Water Resources Agency for the purpose of intaking (withdrawal) of water resources from a surface water body for drinking and domestic water supply, valid until November 18, 2035;
  • water use contract No. 00.07.02.00.100-Т-DKhIO-Т-2014-01382/00 of 12.05.2014 with the Nizhne-Volzhskiy Basin Authority of Federal Water Resources Agency for intaking (withdrawal) of water resources from surface water bodies (region of the Caspian Sea, 117 km of the Volga-Caspian Marine Channel) for drinking and domestic water supply, valid until May 12, 2019;
  • water use contract No. 15/093 of 24.02.2015 with the Environmental Management and Protection Service of the Astrakhan Region for the use of the water area (the Volga River) for the placement of swimming equipment, valid until March 12, 2020.

     There were also received:

  • decision No. 00.07.02.00.100-М-RBBK-Т-2014-01345/00 of March 20, 2014, issued by the Nizhne-Volzhskiy Basin Water Management Board of Rosvodresursy granting enjoyment of water objects for performing dredging, blasting, drilling and other related works that change bottom and shores of a water body (when storing the soil in underwater dumps during dredging operations) in the northern part of the Caspian Sea (112.3-150 km of the VCMSC): the eastern side of the Volga-Caspian Maritime Canal between 112.3 - 114 km (Section No. 1), the western side of the Volga-Caspian Maritime Canal between 114-150 km (Section No. 2), the eastern side of the Volga-Caspian Maritime Canal between 136-150 km (Section No. 3), with a total area of 2.6 sq.km. The decision is valid until December 31, 2018;
  • decision No. 00.07.02.00.100-М-RBBK-Т-2014-01344/00 dated March 27, 2014, issued by the Nizhne-Volzhskiy Basin Water Management Board of Rosvodresursy granting enjoyment of water objects for performing dredging, blasting, drilling and other related works that change bottom and shores of a water body (when storing the soil in underwater dumps during dredging operations) in the northern part of the Caspian Sea, the eastern side of the Volga-Caspian Maritime Shipping Canal between 155 - 179 km (Section No. 4), with total surface area ​​2.1 sq.km. The decision is valid until December 31, 2018;
  • decision No. 00.07.02.00.100-М-RBBK-Т-2016-02179/00 of April 22, 2016, issued by the Nizhne-Volzhskiy Basin Water Management Board of Rosvodresursy, granting enjoyment of water objects for performing works that change bottom and shores of a water body for storing deposited soils on VCMSK in shallow dumps in the northern part of the Caspian Sea, on the left and right sides of the Volga-Caspian Maritime Canal between 150.0 - 155.0 km (Sections No. 6 and No. 7), with total surface area 5 sq.km. The decision is valid until December 31, 2018;
  • decision granting water objects for use No. от 22.04.2016 № 00.07.02.00.100-М-RBBK-Т-2016-02180/00 of April 22, 2016, issued by the Nizhne-Volzhskiy Basin Water Management Board of Rosvodresursy, for performing works that change bottom and shores of a water body for storing deposited soils on VCMSC into shallow water dumps in the area of the northern part of the Caspian Sea, on the left side of the Volga-Caspian Maritime Navigation Canal between 123.0 - 136.0 km (Section No. 5), with total surface area 6.5 sq.km. The decision is valid until December 31, 2018.

     The Astrakhan Branch monitors the condition of water bodies and water protection zones with the involvement of a specialized organization, and sends annual reports to the Nizhne-Volzhskiy Basin Water Department of Rosvodresursy. Besides, the Branch quarterly submits reports on the implementation of measures for protection and rational use of water resources at water bodies which are used by the Branch, as well as information resulting from volume metering of abstraction (withdrawal) of water resources from water bodies to the Nizhne-Volzhskiy Volga Basin Water Department of Rosvodresursy.

     In the framework of annual ecological monitoring of condition of water bodies at the site of dredging operations at the Volga-Caspian Maritime Canal (before, during and after maintenance dredging works), bottom sampling is taken to determine the particle-size distribution, redox potential, pH, heavy metals and other components, the equivalent dose rate of gamma radiation in bottom samplings. In addition to this research last year the Branch conducted laboratory researches of bottom soil on containing halogen-organic compounds and their concentrations with respect to MAC, in particular, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated terphenyls (PCTs). It was noted on the base of the received reports, that performing maintenance dredging works at VCMSC not only does not have a negative impact on the surrounding water environment, but also in some cases leads to lowering of concentration of background pollutants in the bottom deposits.

     No facts of contamination of water bodies used by the Astrakhan Branch have been recorded last year.

 

3. Land plots protection

 

     In order to prevent pollution, cluttering and clogging of territories used by the Astrakhan Branch, the following is carried out:
          - timely conclusion of contracts with specialized organizations for removal and disposal of production and consumption waste generated in the Astrakhan Branch;
          - equipment of places for temporary accumulation of production and consumption waste generated in the Astrakhan Branch in accordance with the requirements of environmental and sanitary-epidemiological legislation of the Russian Federation;
          - monitoring of compliance with the requirements of environmental legislation of the Russian Federation when using the land by the property tenants of the Astrakhan Branch.

 

4. Waste disposal

 

     The Astrakhan Branch regularly performs activities aimed at reducing the impact of wastes, which are generated by the Branch's activities, on the environment. For this purpose the Branch has organized temporary storage of wastes, records of volume of formation and wastes management, control of regularity of its utilization (disposal).
     According to the requirements of environmental legislation of the Russian Federation, the Astrakhan Branch has developed drafts on generation standards of hazardous waste and limits on its disposal. The Department of Rosprirodnadzor for the Astrakhan Region has approved the following on the basis of the standards:

     - Order No. 1131 of October 14, 2015, on waste generation standards and limits on its disposal for the Astrakhan Branch (Sections in city of Astrakhan), valid until December 9, 2018;

     - Order No. 1764 of December 10, 2013, setting norms for waste generation and limits on its disposal in the Astrakhan Branch (Sections Olya and Bugor “Karatinniy”), valid until December 9, 2018;

     - Order No. 1132 of October 14, 2015, on waste generation standards and limits on its disposal for the Astrakhan Branch (Section No. 1, Section No. 2, Section No. 3 of the navigation and hydrographic support service), valid until December 9, 2018.

     The wastes generated in the Branch are classified as I-V hazard classes. The proportion of waste of the first and second hazard class in the total amount of wastes of the Astrakhan Branch is 0.004%. In accordance with the established procedure, the Astrakhan Branch has concluded contracts with licensed enterprises for utilization and disposal of wastes generated by the Astrakhan Branch. In particular, the first and second hazard class wastes, such as mercury lamps, used fluorescent mercury-containing pipes and defects, used leaded undamaged batteries with non-fused electrolyte are sent to specialized enterprises where they are decontaminated and used in further production. The third hazard class wastes (used oil, used oil filters, contaminated with oil wiping material, bilge water) are also sent to specialized organizations for disposal. Solid municipal wastes are transported to urban landfills for disposal, and sullage and fecal waters go to municipal sewage system.

 

Dynamics of waste generation of the Astrakhan Branch

 

 

     The increase in volume of wastes generation in the Astrakhan Branch in 2016 is due to the increase in the number of sea-going vessels that have replenished the fleet of the Branch last year.

 

5. Emergency liquidation

 

     The Astrakhan Branch has developed and coordinated plans for the prevention of and response to emergency spills of oil and oil products (LARN) for FSUE “Rosmorport” Astrakhan Branch objects where the storage and use of petroleum products are performed (fuels-lubes storage of Section No. 2 of the navigation and hydrographic support service, Artificial island and fuels-lubes storage with a pumping station of Section No. 3 of the navigation and hydrographic support service, Nameless Island). Professional emergency response teams are involved on a contract basis in order to provide emergency preparedness, localization and mitigation of oil and oil products outflow at the objects.

     The Astrakhan Branch also implements required actions to train the employees for getting practical skills in using technical means to eliminate emergency situations in various conditions. In particular, there are regularly held:

     - exercises on the organization of the use of various technical means for isolating an emergency situation;

     - comprehensive emergency training exercises in liaison with professional emergency response teams for elaboration of management, communication and interaction in the event of an emergency.

 

II. Environmental protection in dredging operations

 

     The Astrakhan Branch rivets special attention to the environmental protection in conducting dredging operations.

     In order to ensure navigation safety and maintain the stated depths the Astrakhan Branch is annually carrying maintenance dredging (bottom-cleaning) operations on the Volga-Caspian Seaway Canal, including the Astrakhan and Olya seaports water areas.

     Maintenance dredging operations are conducted in accordance with RD 31.74.08-94 “Technical Regulation for Marine Dredging Operations” and with the existing norms and instructions regulating the rules for carrying out and accepting dredging operations.

     At present, maintenance dredging operations on the Volga-Caspian Seaway Canal are conducted by the Astrakhan Branch in accordance with a project for conducting maintenance dredging operations on the 0-188 km section of the Volga-Caspian Seaway Canal for the period up to the year 2018. The Environmental Impact Assessment’s expert commission drew up a positive conclusion in this aspect and this conclusion was approved by Rosprirodnadzor’s Department for the Southern Federal District Order No 2319 issued on August 09, 2013.

     The Astrakhan Branch has obtained following decisions of the Russian Federal Agency for Water Resources Nizhne-Volzhskiy Basin Water Department for the period of conducting respective dredging operations:

     – Decision No 00.07.02.00.100-M-RBBK-T-2014-01345/00 of March 20, 2014 on provision of the right of enjoyment of the water body; 

     – Decision No 00.07.02.00.100-М-РББК-Т-2014-01344/00 of March 27, 2014 on provision of the right of enjoyment of the water body; 

     – Decision No 00.07.02.00.100-M-RBBK-T-2016-02179/00 of April 22, 2016 on provision of the right of enjoyment of the water body;

     – Decision No 00.07.02.00.100-M-RBBK-T-2016-02180/00 of April 22, 2016 on provision of the right of enjoyment of the water body.

     In April-November 2017 maintenance dredging operations will be conducted on the 123.0-164.0 km limiting sections of the Volga-Caspian Seaway Canal, among them:

     – on the 123-127 km sections and on the 134-150 km sections of the Volga-Caspian Seaway Canal by technical means of the Astrakhan Branch with the use of fixed-site pipeline and hopper dredges;

     – on the 127-134 km sections, on the 150-155 km sections and on the 155-159 km sections of the Volga-Caspian Seaway Canal by efforts of contractor organizations with the use of fixed-site pipeline dredges;

     – on the 159-164 km sections of the Volga-Caspian Seaway Canal by technical means of the Astrakhan Branch with the use of hopper holder dredges.

     In order to ensure control over the impact of dredging operations on the Volga River environmental system, on its water passages, and on the Caspian Sea, and in order to timely reveal and prevent cases of exceeding permissible lecels of influence upon the environment, the Astrakhan Branch is monitoring the environmental situation by selecting specimens of seawater and the bottom soil, conducting chemical diagnosis of selected specimens in the areas of maintenance dredging (bottom-cleaning) operations and soil dumping. The monitoring program includes:

     – hydrological and meteorological measurements of air and water temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind speed and direction, color and turbidity of water;

     – selection of water specimens to determine pH, BOD5, mineralization, biogenic elements, the status of metal heavy and other components;

     – selection of air samples to determine the status of CO, SO2, NO2, black carbon;

     – selection of bottom materials to determine the texture, the oxidation-reduction potential, pH, heavy metal and other components;

     – the power of equivalent gamma radiation dose in specimens of bottom materials.

     Annually before, during and upon completion of maintenance dredging operations a specialized enterprise involved under contract conducts environmental monitoring. The results of monitoring of the state of water bodies where dredging operations are underway are provided to the division for supervision at sea of Rosprirodnadzor's Department for the Southern Federal District.

     The received reports note that maintenance dredging operations do not negatively affect the water environment, but these operations lead to reducing baseline waste loads in bottom materials.

 

     Under contract with Astrakhan Region's fisheries industries the Astrakhan Branch deals with young fish-farming for the release of fish in water bodies in order to compensate damage to water biological resources of the Volga Basin and the Caspian Sea in the course of maintenance dredging operations.

     In 2010-2015 under the order of the Astrakhan Branch specialized aquacultural industries farmed and released 7.5 million young carps and 69.700 young sturgeons in the Volga River and its water passage. The Branch spent 13.7 million rubles for these purposes.

     In 2016 the Astrakhan Branch provided funding to farming and releasing about 2.2 million young carps in the Volga River and its water passages. Last year the Branch's expenditures amounted to about 3.8 million rubles. 

 

III. Environmental protection in construction works

 

     In accordance with federal target programs and investment programs of the enterprise in the seaports of the Astrakhan Region the Astrakhan Branch as a client builder is implementing projects for constructing and reconstructing facilities of the coastal and port infrastructure.

     Since 2004 to the present day the Branch has developed design documents on the whole infrastructure in strict compliance with the norms and requirements of Russian legislation in the field of environmental protection. In line with established procedures public hearings have been held. After the hearings project documents have been sent for the Environment Impact Assessment to receive a conclusion.

     At present, the Branch has no capital investment projects in the Astrakhan and Olya seaports that are under construction/installation works. However, in the short term and in the mid-run the Astrakhan Branch is planning to implement the following investment projects:

     – a project for the construction of berth at Section No 2 of the FSUE “Rosmorport” Astrakhan Branch navigational and hydrographic support service. Under the project a berth for anchoring and berthing the Astrakhan Branch vessels is planned to be built on Iskustvenniy Island in the area of the 116th km of the Volga-Caspian Seaway Canal. Materials on the environmental impact assessment while constructing the terminal have been discussed and approved at the public hearings held on February 15, 2013. The hearings have been organized by the “Ikryansky District” municipal structure administration. Following the results of the Environment Impact Assessment project documents have received a positive conclusion of the State Ecological Expertise Board approved by Rosprirodnadzor's Department for the Southern Federal District Order No 2642 of November 27, 2014 stating that the documents correspond to environmental requirements established by technical regulations and environmental legislation. At present, an organization dealing with design is preparing documents on the project to submit to FAI “Glavgosexpertiza of Russia”. Upon receiving a positive conclusion on the project by the state expertise and providing necessary funding, the construction/installation works are expected to be started in 2019.

     – a sewage treatment works project at Section No 2 of the FSUE “Rosmorport” Astrakhan Branch navigational and hydrographic support service. Under the project, sewage facilities are expected to be built on Iskustvenniy Island in the area of the 116th km of the Volga-Caspian Seaway Canal for domestic water purification and drainage in an underground vessel. This will make it possible to use purified water for watering the Branch's territory in the summer and for technical purposes by sanitary appliances in the winter. Materials on the environmental impact assessment while constructing the sewage treatment system have been discussed and approved at the public hearings held on February 15, 2013. The hearings have been organized by the “Ikryansky District” municipal structure administration. Following the results of the Environment Impact Assessment project documents have been received a positive conclusion approved by Rosprirodnadzor's Department for the Southern Federal District Order No 2943 of December 27, 2014. The documents correspond to environmental requirements established by technical regulations and environmental legislation. At present, an organization dealing with design is preparing documents on the project to submit to FAI “Glavgosexpertiza of Russia”. Providing a positive conclusion on the project by the state expertise  and necessary funding are received construction/installation works are expected to be started in 2018.

     – a project to build a base of the service port fleet in the Olya seaport for the purpose of integrated port service of vessels and terminals toward full development of the Olya seaport. This project, which is included in the federal target program “The Development of Russia's Transport System in 2010-2020”, envisages building a block of mechanical repair workshops with an administrative and service facility, a parking space, a boiler house, a unit self-contained transformer yard, a checkpoint, a platform for vessel winter storage, a warehouse, a petrol refilling point for vehicles, local sewage purification facilities, domestic sewage nets, rainwater sewage nets, a container platform for dry garbage, a balloon warehouse, pump stations, a stocks and equipment warehouse and a pressurization pump station. Following the results of the Environment Impact Assessment developed project documents have been received a positive conclusion approved by FAI “Glavgosexpertiza of Russia” No 018-15/ГГЭ-5349/04 on January 16, 2015. The documents correspond with the results of engineering surveys and meet the requirements of Russian urban planning and environmental legislation. If necessary funding is provided, construction/installation works are planned to be started in 2019.

 

IV. Environmental expenditures

 

     Totally in 2016 the Astrakhan Branchspent about 17.1 million rubles for all environmental activities, including payments for the negative impact on the environment.

 

Dynamics of Astrakhan Branch Environment Expenditure

 

 

V. Environmental activities prospects

 

     The Astrakhan Branch has set forth the following priorities in the field of environmental projects  for the next few years:

  • to reduce the negative impact on the environment by efficient use of natural resources consumed by the Branch and to increase the efficiency of collection and disposal of wastes, including by means of common use of secondary raw materials (recycled wastes);
  • to reinforce industrial environmental control by economic areas of the Astrakhan Branch;
  • to organize initial provision of integrated environmental services to vessels in the Olya seaport;
  • to realize up-to-dated energy-saving and resource-saving technology;
  • to realize operations aimed at modernizing stationary pollution sources (boilers) of the Astrakhan Branch by replacing one of the hot water supply tanks operating on diesel fuel for an advanced green electric boiler in order to reduce pollutant emissions in the course of boiler equipment operation.